What Are Computer Information Systems? An In-Depth Look
Modern organizations can be digitally connected with their stakeholders by using computer information systems that are managed well. These networks often use a variety of software and hardware. This technology is susceptible to physical wear as well as malicious cyber attacks.
To address this issue, many firms seek out graduates of management information system degree programs. They are taught how to maintain computer systems and how to protect them against digital threats that could compromise sensitive data. Students who are wondering what a computer information system is and want to pursue a career in the field can consider earning an online bachelor’s degree in management information systems from Maryville University.
Overview of Computer Information Systems
What is a computer information network? Although computers are a multifaceted tool, businesses use a network of computers to gather, organize, store and transmit information. This network is also called a computer information system. Computer information systems professionals are experts in optimizing the use of networked computers within business environments.
These professionals need to learn how to improve business processes and implement a computer information technology system that suits their needs. IT professionals can use an existing computer information system to measure and track relevant metrics, such as productivity. This data could be used to create workplace policies that encourage optimal labor hours.
Different types of Computer Information Systems
There are many types of computer information systems. Each has its own unique characteristics. Here are the top seven most used systems.
Transaction Processing Systems
Usually, the transactions processed by transaction processing systems deal with simple day-to-day business transactions. These systems record simple functions. A transaction processing system, for example, would be used to track payroll or control inventory.
Office Automation Systems (Enterprise Collaboration).
Office automation systems are used to create, store, and transmit data across an organization’s network. This makes office tasks easier by connecting team members and gives management more control over information flow within the company. Users can instantly communicate with colleagues via voice, email, and videoconferencing. File transfers can also be made through these systems.
Management Information Systems
Management information systems are used by businesses that have large amounts of data to convert that data into useful forms such as data summaries and reports. These systems provide information that helps supervisors and managers make decisions.
Decision Support Systems
Decision support systems, which are computer-based information systems that assist organizational leaders in making decisions when possible outcomes are not clear, are called advanced computer information systems. These systems are designed by computer information system specialists to execute complex tasks (usually mathematical), such as modeling data, performing calculations, and comparing datasets. They also allow for the prediction of outcomes based on available information.
Executive Information Systems
Executive information systems were specifically created for senior leaders. They often compile vast amounts of data about the internal and external affairs within an organization. Executive information systems can distill large amounts of data into easily understood formats. This allows senior managers to stay informed about the organization’s overall status, which can help them make informed strategic and tactical decisions.
Expert systems mimic the decision-making abilities of humans by using reasoning to discover facts based upon the rules established by their creators. These systems represent the earliest examples of basic artificial intelligence and can be used by business leaders to solve complex problems in specialized areas such as engineering or medicine.
Finance and Accounting Systems
An accounting information system is a tool that allows organizations to track their financial data such as revenues, investments, tax obligations, and taxes. These systems can be used for financial audits or to generate reports. This system helps business leaders and finance professionals to streamline the process of compiling and tracking accounting data.
The Various Components of Computer Information System
Many people wonder “What’s a computer information system?” These systems are made up of several components: software, hardware, telecommunications and databases, human resources, and procedures.
Computer hardware refers to all the equipment used in computing. The right software allows users to manage their computers and files. This software can grant the system the ability to perform certain tasks such as communicating with other devices. Information technology (IT) is the subcategory of a computer information system that manages communications between hardware devices, their software, and their data.
Many organizations use IT to store information in databases. These databases store the data, organize it and allow access to it. The human component is made up of professionals who help to make the data useful. The organization’s procedures for using their information system are usually the guideline in how to use, operate, and maintain these systems. They are usually written by IT professionals and senior leaders who wish to protect data.
Career Outcomes & Salaries
Professionals and students often want to learn more about computer information systems and the career opportunities available. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, computer and information system managers can be chief technology officers (CTOs), chief security officers (IT directors), chief information officers (CTOs), or chief information officers. According to the BLS, the median annual salary for professionals in this field is $146,360.
Individuals interested in working in this field can also consider the following career options:
Computer Network Architect
Computer network architects create networks for their clients. To ensure that the network functions properly, they analyze both software and hardware (e.g routers). Recognizing advancements in the field is an important part of the job of a computer network administrator. According to PayScale data for May 2020, computer network architects earn an average annual salary of $121,300.
Software developers are an integral part of management information systems. They design, test, and create codes, as well as upgrade and modify existing programs. From the initial stages of creating a model to the final development and useable program or app, they work. According to PayScale data for May 2020, software developers earn an average annual salary of $71,300.
Information Security Analyst
Information security analysts manage the company’s networks and systems. They are responsible for protecting company systems against cyber attacks, identifying breaches, and developing strategies to prevent them from happening again. According to PayScale data for May 2020, information security analysts earn an average annual salary of $72,000.
Computer Information Systems Trends
It is essential to keep up-to-date with industry trends to fully comprehend computer information systems. Computer information systems trends change often because IT is always evolving and changing.
Artificial intelligence and machine learning are two of the hottest trends. This allows networks and systems to make improvements without the need for programming. Networks can access, analyze and manage their own data.
A second trend that points to the future of computer information systems is cybersecurity. Cyber attacks are becoming more common as more organizations and businesses have an online presence. Cybersecurity is essential to protect professionals in a variety of industries.
Industry Benefits and Challenges
Information systems for computers have opened up many doors for both the private and public sectors. These systems allow organizations to communicate better and encourage creativity. They also make collaboration much easier. These systems are the foundation of cloud computing. Users can store and use the software on remote servers, rather than on their computers. This allows businesses to increase their efficiency immediately without having to incur huge overhead costs.
Computer information systems allow businesses to tailor the way they use technology to meet market needs. Computer information systems are vulnerable to hackers, malware, and viruses. It depends on how large these systems are, maintenance can be expensive at the macro level. However, the benefits of using computer information systems are more than the cost.